Proloterapia en la gonartrosis

Alejandro Alvarez López, Rodrigo Fuentes-Véjar, Sergio Ricardo Soto-Carrasco, Yenima de la Caridad García Lorenzo

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Resumen

Fundamento: la gonartrosis es una entidad muy frecuente y afecta a un grupo numeroso de pacientes en especial a los mayores de 40 años. El tratamiento conservador constituye la primera línea e incluye la proloterapia.
Objetivo:
actualizar los conocimientos en relación al uso de la proloterapia en pacientes con gonartrosis.
Métodos: la búsqueda y análisis de la información se realizó en un periodo de dos meses (primero de febrero de 2020 al 30 de abril de 2020) y se emplearon las siguientes palabras: prolotherapy, regenerative injection therapy and chronic musculoskeletal pain. A partir de la información obtenida se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de un total de 203 artículos publicados en las bases de datos PubMed, Hinari, SciELO y Medline mediante el gestor de búsqueda y administrador de referencias EndNote, de ellos se utilizaron 39 citas seleccionadas para realizar la revisión, de ellas 32 de los últimos cinco años, además se consultó un libro.
Resultados: se mencionan las concentraciones a emplear tanto intra como periarticular, indicaciones y mecanismos de acción. Se describen la frecuencia de su aplicación, así como la comparación con otros métodos de tratamiento por vía intraarticular. Se hace referencia a la duración de su efecto y complicaciones.
Conclusiones: la proloterapia mediante la administración de dextrosa hipertónica intrarticular es un método útil en el tratamiento de pacientes con gonartrosis, su fácil aplicación, disponibilidad y bajo índice de complicaciones lo convierten en un método conservador factible y efectivo.

Palabras clave

proloterapia; gonartrosis; osteoartritis de la rodilla; tratamiento conservador

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